How To List An Available Package Groups In Linux

As we know, if we want to install any packages in Linux we need to use the distribution package manager to get it done.

Package manager is playing major role in Linux as this used most of the time by admin.

If you would like to install group of package in one shot what would be the possible option.

Is it possible in Linux? if so, what would be the command for it.

Yes, this can be done in Linux by using the package manager. Each package manager has their own option to perform this task, as i know apt or apt-get package manager doesn’t has this option.

For Debian based system we need to use tasksel command instead of official package managers called apt or apt-get.

What is the benefit if we install group of package in Linux? Yes, there is lot of benefit is available in Linux when we install group of package because if you want to install LAMP separately we need to include so many packages but that can be done using single package when we use group of package command.

Say for example, as you get a request from Application team to install LAMP but you don’t know what are the packages needs to be installed, this is where group of package comes into picture.

Group option is a handy tool for Linux systems which will install Group of Software in a single click on your system without headache.

A package group is a collection of packages that serve a common purpose, for instance System Tools or Sound and Video. Installing a package group pulls a set of dependent packages, saving time considerably.

Suggested Read :
(#) How To List Installed Packages By Size (Largest) On Linux
(#) How To View/List The Available Packages Updates In Linux
(#) How To View A Particular Package Installed/Updated/Upgraded/Removed/Erased Date On Linux
(#) How To View Detailed Information About A Package In Linux
(#) How To Search If A Package Is Available On Your Linux Distribution Or Not
(#) Newbies corner – A Graphical frontend tool for Linux Package Manager
(#) Linux Expert should knows, list of Command line Package Manager & Usage

How To List An Available Package Groups In CentOS/RHEL Systems

RHEL & CentOS systems are using RPM packages hence we can use the Yum Package Manager to get this information.

YUM stands for Yellowdog Updater, Modified is an open-source command-line front-end package-management utility for RPM based systems such as Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) and CentOS.

Yum is the primary tool for getting, installing, deleting, querying, and managing RPM packages from distribution repositories, as well as other third-party repositories.

Suggested Read : YUM Command To Manage Packages on RHEL/CentOS Systems

# yum grouplist
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, security
Setting up Group Process
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * epel: epel.mirror.constant.com
Installed Groups:
   Base
   E-mail server
   Graphical Administration Tools
   Hardware monitoring utilities
   Legacy UNIX compatibility
   Milkymist
   Networking Tools
   Performance Tools
   Perl Support
   Security Tools
Available Groups:
   Additional Development
   Backup Client
   Backup Server
   CIFS file server
   Client management tools
   Compatibility libraries
   Console internet tools
   Debugging Tools
   Desktop
.
.
Available Language Groups:
   Afrikaans Support [af]
   Albanian Support [sq]
   Amazigh Support [ber]
   Arabic Support [ar]
   Armenian Support [hy]
   Assamese Support [as]
   Azerbaijani Support [az]
.
.
Done

If you would like to list what are the packages is associated on it, run the below command. In this example we are going to list what are the packages is associated with “Performance Tools” group.

# yum groupinfo "Performance Tools"
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, security
Setting up Group Process
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * epel: ewr.edge.kernel.org

Group: Performance Tools
 Description: Tools for diagnosing system and application-level performance problems.
 Mandatory Packages:
   blktrace
   sysstat
 Default Packages:
   dstat
   iotop
   latencytop
   latencytop-tui
   oprofile
   perf
   powertop
   seekwatcher
 Optional Packages:
   oprofile-jit
   papi
   sdparm
   sg3_utils
   tiobench
   tuned
   tuned-utils

How To List An Available Package Groups In Fedora

Fedora system uses DNF package manager hence we can use the Dnf Package Manager to get this information.

DNF stands for Dandified yum. We can tell DNF, the next generation of yum package manager (Fork of Yum) using hawkey/libsolv library for backend. Aleš Kozumplík started working on DNF since Fedora 18 and its implemented/launched in Fedora 22 finally.

Dnf command is used to install, update, search & remove packages on Fedora 22 and later system. It automatically resolve dependencies and make it smooth package installation without any trouble.

Yum replaced by DNF due to several long-term problems in Yum which was not solved. Asked why ? he did not patches the Yum issues. Aleš Kozumplík explains that patching was technically hard and YUM team wont accept the changes immediately and other major critical, YUM is 56K lines but DNF is 29K lies. So, there is no option for further development, except to fork.

Suggested Read : DNF (Fork of YUM) Command To Manage Packages on Fedora System

# dnf grouplist
Last metadata expiration check: 0:00:00 ago on Sun 09 Sep 2018 07:10:36 PM IST.
Available Environment Groups:
   Fedora Custom Operating System
   Minimal Install
   Fedora Server Edition
   Fedora Workstation
   Fedora Cloud Server
   KDE Plasma Workspaces
   Xfce Desktop
   LXDE Desktop
   Hawaii Desktop
   LXQt Desktop
   Cinnamon Desktop
   MATE Desktop
   Sugar Desktop Environment
   Development and Creative Workstation
   Web Server
   Infrastructure Server
   Basic Desktop
Installed Groups:
   C Development Tools and Libraries
   Development Tools
Available Groups:
   3D Printing
   Administration Tools
   Ansible node
   Audio Production
   Authoring and Publishing
   Books and Guides
   Cloud Infrastructure
   Cloud Management Tools
   Container Management
   D Development Tools and Libraries
.
.
   RPM Development Tools
   Security Lab
   Text-based Internet
   Window Managers
   GNOME Desktop Environment
   Graphical Internet
   KDE (K Desktop Environment)
   Fonts
   Games and Entertainment
   Hardware Support
   Sound and Video
   System Tools

If you would like to list what are the packages is associated on it, run the below command. In this example we are going to list what are the packages is associated with “Editor” group.

   
# dnf groupinfo Editors
Last metadata expiration check: 0:04:57 ago on Sun 09 Sep 2018 07:10:36 PM IST.

Group: Editors
 Description: Sometimes called text editors, these are programs that allow you to create and edit text files. This includes Emacs and Vi.
 Optional Packages:
   code-editor
   cssed
   emacs
   emacs-auctex
   emacs-bbdb
   emacs-ess
   emacs-vm
   geany
   gobby
   jed
   joe
   leafpad
   nedit
   poedit
   psgml
   vim-X11
   vim-enhanced
   xemacs
   xemacs-packages-base
   xemacs-packages-extra
   xemacs-xft
   xmlcopyeditor
   zile

How To List An Available Package Groups In openSUSE System

openSUSE system uses zypper package manager hence we can use the zypper Package Manager to get this information.

Zypper is a command line package manager for suse & openSUSE distributions. It’s used to install, update, search & remove packages & manage repositories, perform various queries, and more. Zypper command-line interface to ZYpp system management library (libzypp).

Suggested Read : Zypper Command To Manage Packages On openSUSE & suse Systems

# zypper patterns
Loading repository data...
Warning: Repository 'Update Repository (Non-Oss)' appears to be outdated. Consider using a different mirror or server.
Warning: Repository 'Main Update Repository' appears to be outdated. Consider using a different mirror or server.
Reading installed packages...
S  | Name                 | Version       | Repository            | Dependency
---+----------------------+---------------+-----------------------+-----------
   | 64bit                | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
   | apparmor             | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
i  | apparmor             | 20150918-25.1 | @System               |          
   | base                 | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
i+ | base                 | 20150918-25.1 | @System               |          
   | books                | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
   | console              | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
   | devel_C_C++          | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
i  | enhanced_base        | 20150918-25.1 | @System               |          
   | enlightenment        | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
   | file_server          | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
   | fonts                | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
i  | fonts                | 20150918-25.1 | @System               |          
   | games                | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
i  | games                | 20150918-25.1 | @System               |          
   | gnome                | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
   | gnome_basis          | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
i  | imaging              | 20150918-25.1 | @System               |          
   | kde                  | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
i+ | kde                  | 20150918-25.1 | @System               |          
   | kde_plasma           | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
i  | kde_plasma           | 20150918-25.1 | @System               |          
   | lamp_server          | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
   | laptop               | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
i+ | laptop               | 20150918-25.1 | @System               |          
   | lxde                 | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
   | lxqt                 | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
i  | multimedia           | 20150918-25.1 | @System               |          
   | network_admin        | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
   | non_oss              | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
i  | non_oss              | 20150918-25.1 | @System               |          
   | office               | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
i  | office               | 20150918-25.1 | @System               |          
   | print_server         | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
   | remote_desktop       | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
   | x11                  | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
i+ | x11                  | 20150918-25.1 | @System               |          
   | x86                  | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
   | xen_server           | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
   | xfce                 | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
   | xfce_basis           | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
   | yast2_basis          | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |          
i  | yast2_basis          | 20150918-25.1 | @System               |          
   | yast2_install_wf     | 20150918-25.1 | Main Repository (OSS) |           

If you would like to list what are the packages is associated on it, run the below command. In this example we are going to list what are the packages is associated with “file_server” group.
Additionally zypper command allows a user to perform the same action with different options.

# zypper info file_server
Loading repository data...
Warning: Repository 'Update Repository (Non-Oss)' appears to be outdated. Consider using a different mirror or server.
Warning: Repository 'Main Update Repository' appears to be outdated. Consider using a different mirror or server.
Reading installed packages...

Information for pattern file_server:
------------------------------------
Repository      : Main Repository (OSS)
Name            : file_server         
Version         : 20150918-25.1       
Arch            : x86_64              
Vendor          : openSUSE            
Installed       : No                  
Visible to User : Yes                 
Summary         : File Server         
Description     :                     
    File services to host files so that they may be accessed or retrieved by other computers on the same network. This includes the FTP, SMB, and NFS protocols.
Contents        :                     
    S  | Name                          | Type    | Dependency
    ---+-------------------------------+---------+------------
    i+ | patterns-openSUSE-base        | package | Required
       | patterns-openSUSE-file_server | package | Required
       | nfs-kernel-server             | package | Recommended
    i  | nfsidmap                      | package | Recommended
    i  | samba                         | package | Recommended
    i  | samba-client                  | package | Recommended
    i  | samba-winbind                 | package | Recommended
       | tftp                          | package | Recommended
       | vsftpd                        | package | Recommended
       | yast2-ftp-server              | package | Recommended
       | yast2-nfs-server              | package | Recommended
    i  | yast2-samba-server            | package | Recommended
       | yast2-tftp-server             | package | Recommended

If you would like to list what are the packages is associated on it, run the below command.

# zypper pattern-info file_server
Loading repository data...
Warning: Repository 'Update Repository (Non-Oss)' appears to be outdated. Consider using a different mirror or server.
Warning: Repository 'Main Update Repository' appears to be outdated. Consider using a different mirror or server.
Reading installed packages...


Information for pattern file_server:
------------------------------------
Repository      : Main Repository (OSS)
Name            : file_server         
Version         : 20150918-25.1       
Arch            : x86_64              
Vendor          : openSUSE            
Installed       : No                  
Visible to User : Yes                 
Summary         : File Server         
Description     :                     
    File services to host files so that they may be accessed or retrieved by other computers on the same network. This includes the FTP, SMB, and NFS protocols.
Contents        :                     
    S  | Name                          | Type    | Dependency
    ---+-------------------------------+---------+------------
    i+ | patterns-openSUSE-base        | package | Required
       | patterns-openSUSE-file_server | package | Required
       | nfs-kernel-server             | package | Recommended
    i  | nfsidmap                      | package | Recommended
    i  | samba                         | package | Recommended
    i  | samba-client                  | package | Recommended
    i  | samba-winbind                 | package | Recommended
       | tftp                          | package | Recommended
       | vsftpd                        | package | Recommended
       | yast2-ftp-server              | package | Recommended
       | yast2-nfs-server              | package | Recommended
    i  | yast2-samba-server            | package | Recommended
       | yast2-tftp-server             | package | Recommended

If you would like to list what are the packages is associated on it, run the below command.

# zypper info pattern file_server
Loading repository data...
Warning: Repository 'Update Repository (Non-Oss)' appears to be outdated. Consider using a different mirror or server.
Warning: Repository 'Main Update Repository' appears to be outdated. Consider using a different mirror or server.
Reading installed packages...

Information for pattern file_server:
------------------------------------
Repository      : Main Repository (OSS)
Name            : file_server         
Version         : 20150918-25.1       
Arch            : x86_64              
Vendor          : openSUSE            
Installed       : No                  
Visible to User : Yes                 
Summary         : File Server         
Description     :                     
    File services to host files so that they may be accessed or retrieved by other computers on the same network. This includes the FTP, SMB, and NFS protocols.
Contents        :                     
    S  | Name                          | Type    | Dependency
    ---+-------------------------------+---------+------------
    i+ | patterns-openSUSE-base        | package | Required
       | patterns-openSUSE-file_server | package | Required
       | nfs-kernel-server             | package | Recommended
    i  | nfsidmap                      | package | Recommended
    i  | samba                         | package | Recommended
    i  | samba-client                  | package | Recommended
    i  | samba-winbind                 | package | Recommended
       | tftp                          | package | Recommended
       | vsftpd                        | package | Recommended
       | yast2-ftp-server              | package | Recommended
       | yast2-nfs-server              | package | Recommended
    i  | yast2-samba-server            | package | Recommended
       | yast2-tftp-server             | package | Recommended

If you would like to list what are the packages is associated on it, run the below command.

# zypper info -t pattern file_server
Loading repository data...
Warning: Repository 'Update Repository (Non-Oss)' appears to be outdated. Consider using a different mirror or server.
Warning: Repository 'Main Update Repository' appears to be outdated. Consider using a different mirror or server.
Reading installed packages...


Information for pattern file_server:
------------------------------------
Repository      : Main Repository (OSS)
Name            : file_server         
Version         : 20150918-25.1       
Arch            : x86_64              
Vendor          : openSUSE            
Installed       : No                  
Visible to User : Yes                 
Summary         : File Server         
Description     :                     
    File services to host files so that they may be accessed or retrieved by other computers on the same network. This includes the FTP, SMB, and NFS protocols.
Contents        :                     
    S  | Name                          | Type    | Dependency
    ---+-------------------------------+---------+------------
    i+ | patterns-openSUSE-base        | package | Required
       | patterns-openSUSE-file_server | package | Required
       | nfs-kernel-server             | package | Recommended
    i  | nfsidmap                      | package | Recommended
    i  | samba                         | package | Recommended
    i  | samba-client                  | package | Recommended
    i  | samba-winbind                 | package | Recommended
       | tftp                          | package | Recommended
       | vsftpd                        | package | Recommended
       | yast2-ftp-server              | package | Recommended
       | yast2-nfs-server              | package | Recommended
    i  | yast2-samba-server            | package | Recommended
       | yast2-tftp-server             | package | Recommended

How To List An Available Package Groups In Debian/Ubuntu Systems

Since APT or APT-GET package manager doesn’t offer this option for Debian/Ubuntu based systems hence, we are using tasksel command to get this information.

Tasksel is a handy tool for Debian/Ubuntu systems which will install Group of Software in a single click on your system. Tasks are defined in .desc files and located at /usr/share/tasksel.

By default, tasksel tool installed on Debian system as part of Debian installer but it’s not installed on Ubuntu desktop editions. This functionality is similar to that of meta-packages, like how package managers have.

Tasksel tool offer a simple user interface based on zenity (popup Graphical dialog box in command line).

Suggested Read : Tasksel – Install Group of Software in A Single Click on Debian/Ubuntu

# tasksel --list-task
u kubuntu-live    Kubuntu live CD
u lubuntu-live-gtk    Lubuntu live CD (GTK part)
u ubuntu-budgie-live    Ubuntu Budgie live CD
u ubuntu-live    Ubuntu live CD
u ubuntu-mate-live    Ubuntu MATE Live CD
u ubuntustudio-dvd-live    Ubuntu Studio live DVD
u vanilla-gnome-live    Ubuntu GNOME live CD
u xubuntu-live    Xubuntu live CD
u cloud-image    Ubuntu Cloud Image (instance)
u dns-server    DNS server
u kubuntu-desktop    Kubuntu desktop
u kubuntu-full    Kubuntu full
u lamp-server    LAMP server
u lubuntu-core    Lubuntu minimal installation
u lubuntu-desktop    Lubuntu Desktop
u lubuntu-gtk-core    Lubuntu minimal installation (GTK part)
u lubuntu-gtk-desktop    Lubuntu Desktop (GTK part)
u lubuntu-qt-core    Lubuntu minimal installation (Qt part)
u lubuntu-qt-desktop    Lubuntu Qt Desktop (Qt part)
u mail-server    Mail server
u postgresql-server    PostgreSQL database
i print-server    Print server
u samba-server    Samba file server
u tomcat-server    Tomcat Java server
u ubuntu-budgie-desktop    Ubuntu Budgie desktop
i ubuntu-desktop    Ubuntu desktop
u ubuntu-mate-core    Ubuntu MATE minimal
u ubuntu-mate-desktop    Ubuntu MATE desktop
i ubuntu-usb    Ubuntu desktop USB
u ubuntustudio-audio    Audio recording and editing suite
u ubuntustudio-desktop    Ubuntu Studio desktop
u ubuntustudio-desktop-core    Ubuntu Studio minimal DE installation
u ubuntustudio-fonts    Large selection of font packages
u ubuntustudio-graphics    2D/3D creation and editing suite
u ubuntustudio-photography    Photograph touchup and editing suite
u ubuntustudio-publishing    Publishing applications
u ubuntustudio-video    Video creation and editing suite
u vanilla-gnome-desktop    Vanilla GNOME desktop
u xubuntu-core    Xubuntu minimal installation
u xubuntu-desktop    Xubuntu desktop
u openssh-server    OpenSSH server
u server    Basic Ubuntu server

If you would like to list what are the packages is associated on it, run the below command. In this example we are going to list what are the packages is associated with “file_server” group.

# tasksel --task-desc "lamp-server"
Selects a ready-made Linux/Apache/MySQL/PHP server.

How To List An Available Package Groups In Arch Linux based Systems

Arch Linux based systems are using pacman package manager hence we can use the pacman Package Manager to get this information.

pacman stands for package manager utility (pacman). pacman is a command-line utility to install, build, remove and manage Arch Linux packages. pacman uses libalpm (Arch Linux Package Management (ALPM) library) as a back-end to perform all the actions.

Suggested Read : Pacman Command To Manage Packages On Arch Linux Based Systems

# pacman -Sg
base-devel
base
multilib-devel
gnome-extra
kde-applications
kdepim
kdeutils
kdeedu
kf5
kdemultimedia
gnome
plasma
kdegames
kdesdk
kdebase
xfce4
fprint
kdegraphics
kdenetwork
kdeadmin
kf5-aids
kdewebdev
.
.
dlang-ldc
libretro
ring
lxqt
non-daw
non
alsa
qtcurve
realtime
sugar-fructose
tesseract-data
vim-plugins

If you would like to list what are the packages is associated on it, run the below command. In this example we are going to list what are the packages is associated with “gnome” group.

# pacman -Sg gnome
gnome baobab
gnome cheese
gnome eog
gnome epiphany
gnome evince
gnome file-roller
gnome gdm
gnome gedit
gnome gnome-backgrounds
gnome gnome-calculator
gnome gnome-calendar
gnome gnome-characters
gnome gnome-clocks
gnome gnome-color-manager
gnome gnome-contacts
gnome gnome-control-center
gnome gnome-dictionary
gnome gnome-disk-utility
gnome gnome-documents
gnome gnome-font-viewer
.
.
gnome sushi
gnome totem
gnome tracker
gnome tracker-miners
gnome vino
gnome xdg-user-dirs-gtk
gnome yelp
gnome gnome-boxes
gnome gnome-software
gnome simple-scan

Alternatively we can check the same by running following command.

# pacman -S gnome
:: There are 64 members in group gnome:
:: Repository extra
   1) baobab  2) cheese  3) eog  4) epiphany  5) evince  6) file-roller  7) gdm  8) gedit  9) gnome-backgrounds  10) gnome-calculator  11) gnome-calendar  12) gnome-characters  13) gnome-clocks
   14) gnome-color-manager  15) gnome-contacts  16) gnome-control-center  17) gnome-dictionary  18) gnome-disk-utility  19) gnome-documents  20) gnome-font-viewer  21) gnome-getting-started-docs
   22) gnome-keyring  23) gnome-logs  24) gnome-maps  25) gnome-menus  26) gnome-music  27) gnome-photos  28) gnome-screenshot  29) gnome-session  30) gnome-settings-daemon  31) gnome-shell
   32) gnome-shell-extensions  33) gnome-system-monitor  34) gnome-terminal  35) gnome-themes-extra  36) gnome-todo  37) gnome-user-docs  38) gnome-user-share  39) gnome-video-effects  40) grilo-plugins
   41) gvfs  42) gvfs-afc  43) gvfs-goa  44) gvfs-google  45) gvfs-gphoto2  46) gvfs-mtp  47) gvfs-nfs  48) gvfs-smb  49) mousetweaks  50) mutter  51) nautilus  52) networkmanager  53) orca  54) rygel
   55) sushi  56) totem  57) tracker  58) tracker-miners  59) vino  60) xdg-user-dirs-gtk  61) yelp
:: Repository community
   62) gnome-boxes  63) gnome-software  64) simple-scan

Enter a selection (default=all): ^C
Interrupt signal received

To know exactly how many packages is associated on it, run the following command.

# pacman -Sg gnome | wc -l
64

Prakash Subramanian

Prakash Subramanian is a Linux lover and has 3.5+ years of experience in linux server administration with major Linux distribution such as (RHEL, CentOS, Ubuntu). He is currently working as a Senior L2 Linux Server administrator.

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