Linux is a multi-user operating system that allows multiple users to access the system at the same time.
As a Linux system administrator, you have to check who are logged into the system before starting to work on any issues, especially when you have a team members spread across multiple locations. Because, if multiple users are making the changes in the same configuration file, it may create additional problems.
So, make sure nobody is currently working on the issue before you take it up. To avoid these things, we need to check who all are logged into the system and what are they doing.
In this tutorial, we will show you how to check the current logged-in users with several commands in Linux.
- Suggested Read: How to track successful and failed login attempts in Linux
Knowing more than one command to find the same information will not hurt you, and do not hesitate to check the alternate options.
Method-1: Checking logged-in users with ‘w’ command
‘w command’ shows who are logged-in and what are they doing. It displays information about current users on the machine by reading the file
/var/run/utmp, and their processes
w command output comes with header information, which displays system activity such as current time, system up time, how many users are currently logged-in, and the system load (which averages for the past 1, 5, and 15 minutes)
w command contains the following values:
login user name, tty number, remote host, user’s login time, idle time, JCPU (time used by all processes attached to the tty), PCPU (time used by the current process), and which commands are currently being executed by the users. Please see below:
# w 17:13:34 up 1:52, 1 user, load average: 0.11, 0.18, 0.15 USER TTY FROM [email protected] IDLE JCPU PCPU WHAT root pts/0 220.127.116.11 15:22 6.00s 0.18s 0.00s w
Method-2: Identifying who is Logged-in using ‘who’ command
‘who command’ shows information about users who are currently logged in. It uses ‘/var/run/utmp’ & ‘/var/log/wtmp’ files to get those details.
/var/run/utmp:It contains information about the users who are currently logged onto the system. Who command is used to fetch the information from the file.
/var/log/wtmp:It contains historical utmp. It keeps the users login and logout history. The last command uses this file to display the information.
who command output contains the following values such as login user name, tty number, date & time, and remote host.
# who root pts/0 2017-05-31 15:22 (18.104.22.168)
Method-3: How to see Logged in users with ‘whoami’ command
whoami is basically the concatenation of the strings “who”,”am”,”i” as whoami. It displays the username of the current user. It’s similar to running the id command with the options -un as shown below:
# whoami root
Also, when you use whoami with space (who am i) that will give you a different output. It will display more details compared to whoami command as shown below:
$ who am i daygeek pts/1 2019-06-17 22:01 (192.168.1.6)
“id” command prints user and group information for a specified username, but we can add
-un option with the “id” command to display all the currently logged-in users as shown below:
# id -un root
Method-4: Using users command
‘users command’ prints the usernames of users currently logged in to the current host. It uses
/var/log/wtmp files to get the details as shown below:
# users root
Method-5: Show currently logged-in users with ‘finger’ command
‘finger’ is a utility, which allows users to see the information about system users (login name, home directory, name, how long they’ve been logged in to the system, etc.).
Finger utility is available in all major Linux distributions, but it doesn’t come installed by default. Use distribution package manager to install “finger” on your system.
$ finger Login Name Tty Idle Login Time Office Office Phone magi daygeek tty7 7 Jun 1 16:05 (22.214.171.124)
Additionally, you can use the following methods to identify who all are logged-in on your system:
Bonus Tips-1: How to show current logged-in users with ‘last’ command
‘last command’ shows a list of last logged in users by searching the data from
/var/log/wtmp file. Also, it shows the system reboot information.
“last” command output contains login user name, tty number, remote host, date, login time, logout time, and the total duration (working time).
Run the following command to show who all logged-in today. Also, you can check who’s currently logged in by filtering with the “still logged in” string.
# last -p today linuxgee tty2 tty2 Thu Mar 4 14:27 gone - no logout linuxgee : : Thu Mar 4 14:27 gone - no logout
Bonus Tips-2: Manual Way to check who’s logged-in
Last but not the least, we can get a list of logged in users on Linux machine manually by using less commands or more commands or head command or tail command, followed by the log file location.
User authentication logs are located @
/var/log/secure for RHEL based systems &
/var/log/auth.log for Debian based systems.
$ head -5 /var/log/auth.log Jun 1 16:05:01 daygeek CRON: pam_unix(cron:session): session opened for user root by (uid=0) Jun 1 16:05:01 daygeek CRON: pam_unix(cron:session): session closed for user root Jun 1 16:05:44 daygeek lightdm: pam_unix(lightdm-greeter:session): session closed for user lightdm Jun 1 16:05:44 daygeek lightdm: pam_unix(lightdm:session): session opened for user magi by (uid=0) Jun 1 16:05:44 daygeek systemd: pam_unix(systemd-user:session): session opened for user magi by (uid=0)
Over to You
In this guide, you learnt how to find out who all are currently logged-in on your Linux system employing different commands.
If you found this article helpful, please do share with your friends and spread the knowledge. Please feel free to comment below if you have any queries/concerns. We will get back to you as soon as we can. Happy learning!